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Counselor Website Design for counselors, therapists, psychologists & psychotherapists.

Thrpy (short for therapy) specializes in Websites, Therapist Marketing and Practice Management Tools for therapists, psychologists & psychotherapists.

Do it yourself websites for therapists, psychologists & psychotherapists. Optimized with SEO best practices to help our clients get found online.

Thrpy combines beautiful website design and superior technology to create the ultimate counselor websites design. We give counselors everything they need to run their private counseling practice.

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InSession Therapist Website Design & Marketing

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Therapist Marketing

Therapist Marketing


Therapist Marketing Services for therapists, psychologists, psychotherapists and counselors. We specialize in Therapist Marketing, Websites, SEO services for therapists, psychologists, counselors & psychotherapists. Optimized with SEO best practices to help our clients get found online. We create effective therapist marketing for counselors, therapists, psychologists and psychotherapists.

Therapist Listing

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Local Therapy Listing

MiniSiteSEO™, Local SEO increases online visibility in your area by targeting keywords based on a location or specific city.

Carapan Mental Health News

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Carapan Mental Health News & Article Guide for Therapists

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Portland, Oregon, US

Art Bricolage

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Art Bricolage

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Art therapy is a mental health profession in which clients, facilitated by the art therapist, use art media, the creative process, and the resulting artwork to explore their feelings, reconcile emotional conflicts, foster self-awareness, manage behavior and addictions, develop social skills, improve reality orientation, reduce anxiety, and increase self-esteem.

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MatchEdit Art Therapy Practice Management, Organization and Presentation.

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Undici Design

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The Panelist, Psychology Articles, Therapy News, and Mental Health Topics

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Psychology Articles, Therapy News, and Mental Health Topics. Read about how well Therapy works. The definition of therapy, new advances and the latest psychological news.


Counseling Burlingame

Counseling Burlingame

Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health. Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person–environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities.

The term "Counseling" is of American origin, coined by Rogers, who, lacking a medical qualification was prevented from calling his work psychotherapy.[2] In the U.S., Counseling psychology, like many modern psychology specialties, started as a result of World War II. During the war, the U.S. military had a strong need for vocational placement and training. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Veterans Administration created a specialty called "counseling psychology", and Division 17[3] (now known as the Society for Counseling Psychology) of the APA was formed. The Society of Counseling Psychology unites psychologists, students and professionals who are dedicated to promote education and training, practice, scientific investigation, diversity and public interest in the field of professional psychology.[4] This fostered interest in counselor training, and the creation of the first few counseling psychology PhD programs. The first counseling psychology PhD programs were at the University of Minnesota; Ohio State University; University of Maryland, College Park; University of Missouri; Teachers College, Columbia University; and University of Texas at Austin.[5][6]

In recent decades, counseling psychology as a profession has expanded and is now represented in numerous countries around the world. Books describing the present international state of the field include the Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy in an International Context;[7] the International Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling;[8] and Counseling Around the World: An International Handbook.[9] Taken together these volumes trace the global history of the field, explore divergent philosophical assumptions, counseling theories, processes, and trends in different countries, and review a variety of global counselor education programs. Moreover, traditional and indigenous treatment and healing methods that may predate modern counseling methods by hundreds of years remain of significance in many non-Western and Western countries.[7][10][11]

Article Originally found here

Kin Leung, Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, Counseling Burlingame. I specialize in helping couples overcome struggles related to: infidelity, intimacy, miscommunication, mistrust, parenting and life transitions. I'm happy to say that it's POSSIBLE to regenerate the spark that brought you together in the first place. Although I have a special interest in working with Asians, many non-Asian clients benefit from my service due to my bicultural background and I believe I can offer you a unique perspective to reach your goals.

What To Eat To Help Battle Depression

How a few changes to your daily routine can drastically improve your mood.

There have been numerous studies that suggest that eating a healthful diet can help improve the symptoms of depression and lift your mood. But how? Your brain is an energy hog and needs a lot of fuel to run correctly. Couple that with the fact that poor eating can make you feel sluggish, foggy headed, and irritable- symptoms similar to those of depression- and you can understand how proper nutrition can make a huge difference in your overall health and wellness.

So what do you need to know to choose the best foods for your body and mind? Generally, eat whole foods such as vegetables, fruits, beans, and legumes and avoid refined foods, sugar, fried foods and foods with excess fat. It’s also a good practice to avoid caffeine and alcohol not only because they’re both linked to anxiety and panic attacks but because they can also interfere with antidepressants. Specifically, you’ll want to fill your diet with power-packed, depression-fighting foods such as:

Selenium- Found in whole grains, Brazil nuts, some seafood, and liver. Low selenium levels have been linked to poor moods and other symptoms of depression.

Vitamin D- Found in fatty fish and most efficiently, through exposure to the sun. Low vitamin D levels are associated with various mood disorders including seasonal affective disorder.

Omega-3 fatty acids- Found in cold water fish, flaxseed, and walnuts. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for proper brain function and help to preserve the brain’s nerve cells, keeping the brain working in peak performance.

Antioxidants- Vitamins such as E, C, and A (beta-carotene), found in a variety of fruits and vegetables such as peppers, carrots, oranges, and greens, as well as green tea and dark chocolate. Antioxidants help to neutralize free radicals (damaged molecules) which can cause inflammation, premature aging, and cell death.

What if I can’t do it alone?

Changing the way you eat is no easy task. It takes a lot of work to plan out meals, shop differently, cook new foods, and adjust to different tastes. If it all sounds like too much to do on your own, that’s completely understandable. Luckily, you don’t have to. There are professionals that are available to help you change your diet to help decrease feelings of depression. Utilizing a nutrition coach or a health coach is a great way to get the most significant impact out of healthy eating. They’re professionals that can help you craft a diet, keep you accountable, and adapt your nutrition to your needs as your progress. They’re also great for suggesting recipes and helping you navigate food allergies or lifestyle changes such as pregnancy, going vegan, or running a marathon. If there is one thing to remember when depression rears its ugly head is that you’re not alone. Changing your diet can drastically improve your mood and finding a professional to assist in these changes is a great way to remember that you don’t have to go it alone.

Dr. Jeffrey Ditzell is a Psychiatrist in New York City and offers nutrition coaching in the New York City area.



When this dynamic personality trait is more than just a quirk.

Maybe when you think of someone being impulsive, you see them as “in the moment,” “spontaneous” or the “life of the party.” They’re the leaders of the pack; the first one to jump in the pool with their clothes on or the one to say just what’s on their mind. However, when we look at impulsivity in the context of psychology, we see a different picture entirely. According to psychologists, impulsivity is a tendency to act on a whim, displaying behavior characterized by little or no forethought, reflection, or consideration of the consequences. People being impulsive do first and think after (if at all). Impulsive actions are typically poorly thought-out, unnecessarily risky or inappropriate to the situation and almost always result in undesirable consequences which may interfere with long term goals. Impulsivity is both a personality trait and a significant component of numerous disorders including ADHD, bipolar disorder, and substance use disorders. It can also be a symptom of brain injury or certain neurodegenerative diseases and plays an active part in disorders such as gambling addiction. Some believe that impulsivity can even be linked to genetics.

Despite the issues listed above being most common in adults, the place that we see impulsivity most often is in children and young adults. Typically, children are already full of energy, have trouble editing themselves and display many traits related to impulsivity due to brain development. The difference between an enthusiastic child and one with impulsivity issues is an important distinction that’s important to understand as early diagnosis can curb potential issues such as substance abuse disorders or bipolar disorder.

Impulsivity in Children

Many conditions as noted above have impulsivity as a symptom, but the most common condition and the one that we see most in children is that of ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. ADHD is a multiple component disorder involving inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. ADHD is broken down into the following categories:
• Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Predominantly Inattentive Type
• Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
• Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined Type

Typically, children that have ADHD have the following symptoms:
• Fidgeting and squirming during class or whenever they have to sit still
• Talking nonstop or interrupting conversations
• Touching or playing with anything and everything in sight
• Having difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities
• Being very impatient
• Blurting out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences
• Having trouble waiting for things they want

If you see these traits in your child and are specifically worried about their tendency to be impulsive, seeking the help of a mental health professional is a great step to take, They will help you better understand your child’s needs and suggest corrective action to reduce their symptoms.

Does your child, a child you know or another family member have some of the common symptoms of impulsivity listed above? Do you think you need the help of a professional to find relief? Talking to a therapist is the first step to becoming well, and the sooner you do it, the sooner you’ll be on the path to great mental health.

Besma (Bess) Benali, Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RSW, Counselling Ottawa. I am trained in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Brief Psychodynamic Therapy, ACT, and mindfulness. Clients come to me because they are struggling and feel like they are trapped in a darkness that no matter what they have tried (and many have tried therapy before) they can't pull themselves out. I help my clients understand themselves in ways no one has ever taught them before allowing them to see positive changes.

Play therapy Metro DC

Play Therapy

We specialize in providing play therapy for children and their families. For children, therapy work looks like play. We create a safe space for children to freely express the full range of their emotions, which may be difficult for you and them when expressed at home and/or school. The therapeutic toys in our playroom paired with our interventions will help your child to process, heal, and move forward with greater confidence. For children, therapy work looks like play. We create a safe space for children to freely express the full range of their emotions. We specialize in play therapy metro DC.

Counseling Petworth DC, Kennedy Counseling Collective believes that mental health is a priority, and therapy services should be accessible to everyone.

Heidi Vanderwerff, LICSW

Marjorie Strachman Miller, PhD, LMFT

We are located on the currently revitalizing Kennedy Street, in the Petworth – Brightwood neighborhood, conveniently located near Takoma, DC and the Maryland border.

Couples therapy Metro DC

Couples therapy Metro DC

Whether you come in on your own or with a partner, we consider how you are impacted by your relationships. We will help you to connecting with one another so that you can bond in a way that may be difficult to do when you are on your own. Relationship support may include pre-marital therapy, separation guidance, or everything in-between. We recognize how difficult it can be to create time for self-care and to connect to the important people in your life. We specialize in couples therapy metro DC.

Counseling Petworth DC, Kennedy Counseling Collective believes that mental health is a priority, and therapy services should be accessible to everyone.

Heidi Vanderwerff, LICSW

Marjorie Strachman Miller, PhD, LMFT

We are located on the currently revitalizing Kennedy Street, in the Petworth – Brightwood neighborhood, conveniently located near Takoma, DC and the Maryland border.

The FDA and Public Health

The secret, at least from a patient’s point of view, will lie in discovering which medical devices (and drugs) have the best track record before allowing a physician to prescribe or install them. Somewhere down the road, physicians and other medical professionals may also be forced to cooperate in this grassroots endeavor to weed out the chronically faulty knee and heart implants, since the FDA is apparently unable to separate the merely useful from the potentially lethal.

A prime example of this laxity would be FDA approvals granted to Minnesota-based Medtronic for its heart devices. Medtronic, which manufactured and subsequently recalled – or has been sued over – a number of these implants, won the final round in a court battle with Charles Riegel ( Riegel v. Medtronic) by default. This blanket escape clause, however, does little to inspire confidence in future FDA approvals.

Nonetheless, the Court’s ruling now makes the FDA the agency of last resort, so it behooves consumers to know which devices are actually approved, as opposed to those that merely claim they are. Concerned consumers can visit the FDA’s approval website to search for this information by product type. The site also provides information and advice on human and animal drug approvals (including AIDS drugs), biological products used in vaccines, blood donor protocols and food additives and packaging (via links to other pages).

The FDA’s stated mission is to protect public health by regulating drugs, biologics, medical devices, food and cosmetics. But, as the FDA points out, not all of these products are required to submit proof to the FDA that their products are safe, effective, and work in the manner described.

Even where products do undergo pre-market approvals, the Phase I, II and III human trials may be based on information obtained from the manufacturer, which allows manufacturers to fudge or even conceal negative results. The FDA rarely does independent testing, but instead rubber-stamps the manufacturer’s findings. This, more than anything, explains why a heavily promoted drug like Celebrex (the only surviving successor to Vioxx), is now being prescribed sparingly by physicians, who recognize it as having cardiovascular risks equal to, or greater than, the banished Vioxx.

The FDA’s failure to identify hazards before they affect a significant portion of the population has become especially true under the Bush administration. An operant phrase from the dirty 30s (caveat emptor; let the buyer beware), when American product manufacture and labeling was virtually unsupervised, is even truer now in the unmanageable oughts. However, FDA approval is better than no approval, so wary consumers would be advised to check out the site before agreeing to a surgical procedure, taking a prescription drug, or purchasing a medical-type product.

The FDA approves medical devices in two categories. Those whose failure would create a high risk for patients are FDA-approved via clinical studies. Non-critical devices like knee replacements, hip replacements, catheters and the like only have to demonstrate that they are substantially the "same as" products currently on the market to earn FDA approval. Low-risk devices like splints, retainers and braces are exempt under the "same-as" clause.

The FDA does not approve cosmetics, except those containing color additives. This includes hair dyes. The FDA also does not approve medical foods, like diabetic supplements, nutrition supplements, or diet supplements, nor does it approve infant formulas. It also does not approve food labels, relying on the manufacturer to accurately state the contents and values of the given food. If your health supplement says it will give you more energy, you can be certain the FDA had no part in establishing that claim.

Now that you know what the FDA does, and does not, approve, it really is up to you to manage your own risk. Read labels carefully, avoid products or websites that claim FDA approval where none exists, consult your physician when in doubt, and report violations of FDA-approved labeling (or adverse reactions to FDA-approved products) by visiting the FDA’s reporting website.

Take health-risk management into your own hands, which is where it properly belongs. No one will ever have as much vested in your health as you do.

Christy Weller, Psy.D., Couples Counseling Boulder. I bring a genuine curiosity, a kind appreciation of where you have been, and a non-judgmental stance so that you feel comfortable exploring your story and making sense of it. I tailor my work to each client and I'm trained in both short-term and long-term therapies.

Building Effective Communication Skills

5 critical communication skills that everyone needs to know.

One of the primary reasons that couples enter therapy is because they don’t properly communicate with each other. Strong communication is the cornerstone of any relationship and can have wonderfully positive effects on all parts of your professional and personal life. If you don’t have excellent communication skills, your relationships can suffer. Friends and family may find you hard to get along with, you may not feel a close connection with your partner, or your colleagues will have a hard time collaborating with you. Being a good communicator takes practice, and it’s not just about speaking well. Many factors make up a good communicator, all that can be learned through therapy and practice. Want to learn more? Read about the 5 critical commutation skills that everyone needs to know to be a better communicator.

Listening: Being an effective listener is the most crucial aspect of being a good communicator. They say that if you’re not listening, you’re not learning. Being a good listener lets you properly advance the conversation and understand your partner’s needs appropriately. Being a poor listener will make your partner, friend, or co-worker feel undervalued and misunderstood.

Non-verbal communication: Eye contact, hand gestures and body language all play an important part in successful communication. If you’re trying to be open to a new idea looking closed off, intimidated, annoyed or distant won’t help advance the dialogue. When speaking, pay attention to stances, hand gestures, eye contact or movements that are deemed too aggressive, or too passive. You’ll be surprised how quickly the tone of a conversation changes when you change your body language.

Empathy: Being empathetic is a difficult skill to acquire. Having empathy allows you to understand the feelings of another person and can go a long way in having excellent communication skills. Telling someone that you know how they feel or get why they made a specific decision can be a great way to let them know you care about their feelings.

Calmness: Staying calm when speaking is an incredibly important skill to learn when trying to become a better communicator. Not loosing your cool when you’re talking about emotional topics is a hard yet incredibly useful skill to master. Keeping calm when speaking will help you work through issues without becoming angry, hurtful or saying something you may regret later.

Feedback: Being able to provide feedback within a conversation is an integral part of being a good communicator. It helps to show the person you’re speaking with that they are understood and appreciated. It also helps distill conversations which can help you and your partner come to a mutually agreed upon conclusion.

Do these skills sound like things that you and your partner could use a refresher course on? Do you think you can improve all of your interpersonal relationships with better communication? If you want to work on building effective commutation skills, talk to your therapist today. They can help you become the effective communicator you know you can be.

Counselling Burnaby Vancouver, Via Counselling & Consulting. Burnaby Counsellor Shari Wood, M.Ed., R.C.C. dedicated to helping clients begin their personal therapeutic journey. A Clinical Counsellor, specializing in helping people overcome self-doubt and build healthy relationships.

What does the term self-esteem mean to you?

What does the term self-esteem mean to you? How important is it to develop one’s self-worth and attitude towards themselves? Merging various definitions, self-esteem is defined as ‘how we value ourselves; it is how we perceive our value to the world and how important we think we are to others, it reflects a person's overall subjective enthusiastic evaluation of their worth. It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self’.

Usually, you’ll hear the terms low self-esteem or high self-esteem being used to describe the character/personality of an individual depending on how they react in any given situation. The characteristics of a person with a high or positive self-esteem include confidence, optimism, trusting, ability to accept mistakes from others and themselves as well as to learn from them. While the characteristics of an individual with low self-esteem include a pessimistic outlook on life, fear of taking risks, mistrusting others and a blaming behavior.

Read more by Carolyn Ehrlich LCSW, CGP specializes in Relationship Counseling NYC

PACT - Psychobiological Approach to Couples Therapy

Relationships aren’t easy. Not only do you have to dedicate time and energy to your significant other, but you also have to balance it with the stressors of your life, the stressors of their life, and the knowledge that you are each bringing unique life experiences to the table. These stressors and unique experiences complicate the way you react to life and each other. When it all becomes too much, some couples seek couples therapy to help them weed through all of the complicated issues. The best therapies are those that consider the underlying psychological and biological issues that are at play within every human. That’s why the PACT method of couples therapy is so effective at helping couples thrive.

A Psychobiological Approach to Couple Therapy (PACT), developed by Dr. Stan Tatkin, is a fusion of attachment theory, developmental neuroscience, and arousal regulation. Due to its unique style and 3-pronged approach, PACT has a reputation for effectively treating the most challenging issues many couples face.

The three tenets of the PACT method are well researched and help to explain why many couples have problems in their relationships.


The study of the human brain. By understanding how the brain works, we can better understand how people react to love, security, attachment danger or stress. Learning about how the brain functions will let us see why we behave the way we do.

Attachment Theory:

This gold standard in child psychology has been recently extrapolated to help explain the way adults navigate through relationships. Attachment theory helps to explain the biological need to bond with others and how early experiences with caregivers create a blueprint that people utilize in adult relationships. If a person hasn’t felt well cared for as a child, they can have issues being in healthy relationships as adults.

The biology of human arousal:

This scientific area of study helps to understand and regulate the moment-to-moment ability to manage one’s energy, alertness, and readiness to engage. Having a sense of how you handle and react to moments of stress or excitement can help you become more successful in your relationship.

These areas of science work together to provide couples with the knowledge of why relationship problems happen and how they can work within themselves to fix them.

PACT therapy is unique for other reasons as well. A typical therapy session can last up to 6 hours, allowing participants to work on issues in a more in-depth manner. There is also close attention paid to shifts in face, body, and voice, to teach participants to better regulate their emotions. This hard work often pays off quickly; PACT often requires fewer sessions as compared to other forms of therapy to achieve results.

Providing couples with the knowledge that some of their relationship problems stem from biological and psychological conditions often brings them comfort and helps them navigate everyday stressors in a more productive manner. PACT helps couples work towards healthy, fruitful relationship that's built on trust. And after all, isn’t that worth a little work?

Couples Counseling Boulder by Therapist Christy Weller, Psy.D. Also specializing in Psychotherapy and Psychological Assessment Services.

7 Secrets to a Happy Relationship

Everyone wishes there was a magic formula or some type of button we could push to make our relationships easier, and always happy. Unfortunately, that's just not realistic. Even the strongest of couples argue, and aren't happy all the time. However, these are the couples who also know how to argue correctly, and get through tough times together.

It's not just about getting through difficult times as a couple, but knowing how to navigate through life as a unit. Believe it or not, these couples do usually follow certain rules or characteristics, whether they realize it or not. So, what is it they do? Let's take a look at seven of the best secrets to a happy relationship.

1. Be Realistic
Understand that not every relationship is going to feel like a fairytale. It's important that both people in a relationship have realistic expectations and goals for themselves, for each other, and for the relationship itself. When you can communicate these goals effectively, there are no 'surprises' and no one is let down.

2. Share Your Time
In today's fast-paced world, spending quality time together is more important than ever. Happy couples know that it's necessary to make time for one another. That includes unplugged time away from cell phones, work, etc. Make time for yourself as a couple, without interruptions, and you might be surprised at how well you continuously connect and get stronger.

3. Value Alone Time
This might seem contradictory to the tip listed above, but separate time is also very important in a relationship. You're never going to like all the same things, or the same activities. Having hobbies you enjoy on your own is healthy. Being able to experience things you enjoy by yourself gives you more to share with your partner later, and allows you to fully realize the value of the time you do spend together.

4. Embrace Your Differences
Over time, the things that we once adored about our partner can turn into the things that grate on our nerves. Everyone has little quirks, or different ways of doing things. Stop and think about how you can better appreciate those differences in your partner. Focus on their positive characteristics, instead of trying to pick apart everything they do.

5. Talk, Talk, Talk
You've probably heard that 'communication is key' many times before. But, it's worth repeating again and again. Communication is usually the top reason a relationship is strong, and the top reason relationships fail. Understand each other's communicative style, and figure out what works best for both of you. Take the time to actually listen to your partner throughout a conversation. This is even more important if it's an argument or a conflict of some kind. Your communication styles could make or break your relationship, so this secret should be something taken very seriously.

6. Be Honest
Most of us don't think there is any harm in a little white lie, but being completely honest with your partner is essential for a strong, happy relationship. Honesty may not always be the easiest choice, and it may even hurt your partner at times. However, it will always help to build trust. In the end, a solid foundation of trust in a relationship will make it stronger than your partner having a reason to doubt the things you say.

7. Put in the Work
Happy couples don't keep their relationships on autopilot. Relationships take work, like tuning up a car or tending to a garden. You may be extremely compatible with your partner, but that doesn't mean there won't be ups and downs throughout your time together. If you ignore issues, or don't take the time to tend to the relationship itself, it can go downhill very quickly. Treat it with care, and it will continue to grow.

As you can see, these 'secrets' aren't necessarily anything special that only certain couples are aware of. You've probably heard of several of them before. But, it's not always easy to put them into practice when we're in a committed relationship. But, using these tips can make a huge difference in how you function as a couple, how strong your relationship is, and your entire outlook on where you can end up together. The secrets are out - and they are yours for the taking!

Written by Kin Leung, MFT, providing couples therapy Burlingame

10 Signs You May Have an Anxiety Disorder

It's perfectly normal, especially in today's busy and stressful world, to feel anxious from time to time. You may even experience moments of panic or distress in certain situations. Everyday anxiety isn't anything to be worried about. But, how do you know when those feelings have crossed the line?
Anxiety shows itself in many different ways. It can be in the form of depression, panic, or even different phobias. So, knowing if what you're dealing with is 'normal' isn't always as clear as we would like it to be. However, there are a few telltale signs you can look for to determine if your episodes of anxiety could be something more.

1. Constant Worrying
We all worry about different things throughout the day, but when is it too much? One of the biggest symptoms associated with anxiety is excessive worry. If these worrisome thoughts are taking over almost every other aspect of your life, it could be a symptom of Generalized Anxiety Disorder. You may even start to notice that these feelings of worry are causing you to feel fatigued, or interfering with other areas of life, like relationships or your career.

2. Trouble Sleeping
If your worries and anxious thoughts are keeping you up and night and affecting your sleep schedule, it could be an anxiety disorder. You could find yourself worrying about something specific, like your job, or about a dozen little, random things throughout the night, causing you to lose out on sleep. This could start to affect your health negatively in other ways.

3. Waking Up Wired
Another sure sign that your stress is something more than general worry is how you feel when you wake up after a night of little to no sleep. If you haven't gotten more than a few minutes of rest, but you jump out of bed in the morning feeling wired and unable to calm down, it's likely anxiety doing the work.

4. Disproportionate Fears/Phobias
Many people have fears about specific things, but when those fears become irrational, it can signal something more. These are considered to be phobias, and they can become crippling if not recognized and taken care of. Phobias occur when the fear outweighs the actual risk of the circumstance or object.

5. Tension
Anxiety can show up in a lot of physical ways. If you're constantly experiencing muscle tension in your shoulders, neck, etc., it could be your body's way of responding to constant feelings of stress. There are exercises you can do to help ease this tension and some of the pain that goes with it, but if you find yourself constantly sore with aching, tired muscles, you can feel fairly confident that they aren't getting a 'break' from your body.

6. Upset Stomach
Another physical manifestation of an anxiety disorder is indigestion. Again, It's not uncommon to experience stomach issues here and there, but chronic indigestion can be a serious problem. If you're constantly getting stomach cramps, or experiencing bloating, gas, diarrhea, etc., it could be a sign of irritable bowel syndrome, related to anxiety. IBS can also happen on its own, but if you have other anxiety symptoms as well, the two may be linked in specific cases.

7. Self-Consciousness
People with anxiety disorders are often overly-aware of what other people might be thinking or saying. They may get the feeling that everyone is always looking at them, or judging them somehow. This is often referred to as social anxiety, and it can make it difficult to be in social settings, or to meet new people. Symptoms accompanying this type of anxiety usually include things like flushed skin, trembling, or excessive sweating.

8. Panic Attacks
Panic attacks can be a crippling part of an anxiety disorder. They are characterized as sudden, overwhelming feelings of fear and despair. They can last several minutes, and may cause dizziness, nausea, and even chest pain. Because they usually come on so suddenly, it can make them even scarier for the people experiencing them.

9. Obsessive Behaviors
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has often been linked to anxiety in terms of how much we need perfection in our lives. If you have anticipatory anxiety, or you judge yourself on being less than perfect, it could be the sign of a more serious disorder. Your anxiety could be about the mistakes you make, or anything disorderly in your lives. It's not uncommon for us to be hard on ourselves once in awhile, but when it consumes your thoughts, it's typically linked to anxiety or depression.

10. Flashbacks
Do you find yourself often flashing back to a particular event? Traumatic events that continue to impact and effect our everyday lives can cause extreme bouts of panic and anxiety. If thoughts of this event are influencing your life negatively, it can be debilitating. Being able to use the right coping resources is necessary in order to move past it in a healthy way.

Again, anxiety disorders show up differently for everyone. Some experience more physical signs than others, and some may not even recognize the symptoms until they become severe. But, if you know what to look for at any given time, you may be able to seek out help that much sooner, and get back to living your life without fear or depression.

Dr. Jeffrey Ditzel is a Psychiatrist in New York City and specializes in issues involving Anxiety and Depression.

How to Spot a Narcissist

A relationship with a narcissist can lead to physical and emotional injuries as well as low self-esteem. Narcissists can be self-absorbed and believe that they should always have their way in everything – even if it means treating their partners and friends poorly. However, deep down, they feel wounded, disenfranchised, and small but do not want to admit it. Unfortunately, most of them do not know that they are actually hurting others with their behaviors.

Here is how to spot a narcissist:

1. Self - Obsessed
Narcissists love to talk about themselves and do not give other's a chance to take part in the conversation. If you do get the opportunity to speak and they do not like your idea, your comment will be ignored, dismissed or corrected.

2. Interrupts other people’s conversations
Narcissists often interrupt others when talking and divert the focus back to themselves. If the conversation is not about them then he or she will not listen, but instead will interject at every opportunity.

3. Habitual rule breaker
A narcissist enjoys breaking the laid down rules and established social norms. This person often gets in trouble for cutting the line, stealing in the office, disobeying traffic rules, getting into unnecessary fights, and not delivering his work on time. Most narcissists feel that the rules of society should not apply to them.

4. Does not keep boundaries
These personas show wanton disregard for personal and physical space. He or she oversteps their mandate, brushes off others, and uses anyone in their way without considering the repercussions of his or her behaviors. He or she does not keep his promises and obligations. To make matters worse, he will show little remorse for bad behavior or inaction. Some narcissists even go so far as to blame the victim for their failures.

5. A false self-elevation
Most of the narcissists go through so much to impress the people around them. They try to look extremely good socially, professionally, financially and academically among others. They use status, objects, and people around them to represent their status and substitute their inadequate self image with high achievements. They have false merit badges and often exaggerate their achievements.

6. Expect preferential treatment
All narcissists feel special to others, thus, they expect preferential treatment. Their world revolves around ‘me’ and no one else.

7. They are charming
When narcissists are interested in you for their personal gratification, they will do everything to ensure that you feel special and loved. However, they will drop you once they get bored with you (and have gotten whatever they needed from you).

It is important that you know the behaviors of a narcissist so that you can spot and know how to deal with them for the sake of your well being.

Polly Sykes, Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP, is a Toronto Psychotherapist with extensive post-graduate training and experience in the treatment of Trauma, and the use of Emotion-Focused Therapy for both Individuals and Couples. The support of an experienced and highly-skilled Psychotherapist can be a powerful tool to help you face the challenges of life with more hope, more self-acceptance, and stronger relational bonds.

Directory for Therapists

Directory for Therapists

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Anxiety and Depression Psychiatrist Jeffrey Ditzell

Anxiety and Depression

While Anxiety & Depression are not exactly the same, they are typically grouped together due to their similarities. It's also common for people to experience both at the same time. Additionally, many of the treatment options for both conditions are similar.

Read more about Anxiety & Depression by Psychiatrist Jeffrey Ditzell in New York City.

Art Therapy

Art Therapy

Art therapy (also known as arts therapy) is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique. Art therapy originated in the fields of art and psychotherapy and may vary in definition.

Art therapy may focus on the creative art-making process itself, as therapy, or on the analysis of expression gained through an exchange of patient and therapist interaction. The psychoanalytic approach was one of the earliest forms of art psychotherapy. This approach employs the transference process between the therapist and the client who makes art. The therapist interprets the client's symbolic self-expression as communicated in the art and elicits interpretations from the client.[1] Analysis of transference is no longer always a component.

Current art therapy includes a vast number of other approaches such as: Person-Centered, Cognitive, Behavior, Gestalt, Narrative, Adlerian, Family (Systems) and more. The tenets of art therapy involve humanism, creativity, reconciling emotional conflicts, fostering self-awareness, and personal growth.

Although art therapy is a relatively young therapeutic discipline, its roots lie in the use of the arts in the 'moral treatment' of psychiatric patients in the late 18th century, this moral treatment, Susan Hogan argues, “arose out of utilitarian philosophy and also from a non-conformist religious tradition”, and in a re-evaluation of the art of non-western art and of the art of untrained artists and of the insane[clarification needed].

Art therapy as a profession began in the mid-20th century, arising independently in English-speaking and European countries. The early art therapists who published accounts of their work acknowledged the influence of aesthetics, psychiatry, psychoanalysis, rehabilitation, early childhood education, and art education, to varying degrees, on their practices.

The British artist Adrian Hill coined the term art therapy in 1942. Hill, recovering from tuberculosis in a sanatorium, discovered the therapeutic benefits of drawing and painting while convalescing. He wrote that the value of art therapy lay in "completely engrossing the mind (as well as the fingers)…releasing the creative energy of the frequently inhibited patient", which enabled the patient to "build up a strong defence against his misfortunes". He suggested artistic work to his fellow patients. That began his art therapy work, which was documented in 1945 in his book, Art Versus Illness.[9]

Edward Adamson, “the father of art therapy in Britain”.
The artist Edward Adamson, demobilised after WW2, joined Adrian Hill to extend Hill’s work to the British long stay mental hospitals. Other early proponents of art therapy in Britain include E. M. Lyddiatt, Michael Edwards, Diana Raphael-Halliday and Rita Simon. The British Association of Art Therapists was founded in 1964.

U.S. art therapy pioneers Margaret Naumburg and Edith Kramer began practicing at around the same time as Hill. Naumburg, an educator, asserted that "art therapy is psychoanalytically oriented" and that free art expression "becomes a form of symbolic speech which…leads to an increase in verbalization in the course of therapy." Edith Kramer, an artist, pointed out the importance of the creative process, psychological defenses, and artistic quality, writing that "sublimation is attained when forms are created that successfully contain…anger, anxiety, or pain." Other early proponents of art therapy in the United States include Elinor Ulman, Robert "Bob" Ault, and Judith Rubin. The American Art Therapy Association was founded in 1969.

National professional associations of art therapy exist in many countries, including Brazil, Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, South Korea, and Sweden. International networking contributes to the establishment of standards for education and practice.

Diverse perspectives exist on history of art therapy, which complement those that focus on the institutionalization of art therapy as a profession in Britain and the United States.